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HORSES OF A DIFFERENT COLOR

We aren't in Kansas any more!  Thoroughbred and Warmblood Champions  will look like this: 

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GENETICS OF THE PALOMINO,  BUCKSKIN, OR CREMELLO 

You've seen them in virtually every parade across America.  The royal golden palomino marching as a unit or the proud single leader carrying the flag.  Palomino, Buckskin and Cremello are COLORS not breeds of horses.  You can find palominos in Quarter Horses, Arabians, Tennessee Walkers, Thoroughbreds, Warmbloods, and most other breeds.

But, where does that palomino or buckskin color come from?    Basically, a palomino is a chestnut horse with one cream color gene (oftenapachepalomino0003.jpg (55574 bytes) called "dilute".)  A buckskin is a bay horse with one dilute color gene. Palominos and buckskins come in many shades, from very light pale to almost chocolate, depending on the base color of the horse. The "ideal" color, according to the Palomino Horse Association, is that of a gold coin.  The difference between palomino and buckskin is that the buckskin carries the bay characteristics of dark mane, tail, and socks.  In a palomino, the mane and tail are usually off-white or flaxen but can have golden or black hairs mixed in.    

Since a palomino (or buckskin) has a single dilute gene, a palomino bred to a chestnut will have a 50-50 chance of producing another palomino. A palomino bred to another palomino will produce a double dilute, which is called a cremello.  The cremello is homozygous for the cream gene.  When bred to a chestnut (or bay), a cremello will produce a palomino (or buckskin) 100% of the time (transfers one dilute gene.)

The palomino's skin is almost always dark, although pink skin does sometime occur.  Brown eyes are most common, but some instances of amber, blue or even green eyes have been documented.  Cremellos typically have pink skin and blue eyes.   

Get noticed in the show ring or other competition with a flashy palomino-buckskin Thoroughbred-Warmblood Hunter-Jumper-Sport Horse from Shadow Mountain Stables.        

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                                        HISTORY OF THE WHITE THOROUGHBRED                                              

In the entire history of the Jockey Club until 1995, there  had only been 9 Thoroughbreds ever registered as white.  Two of those "original" whites were born in Kentucky and went on to create more white Thoroughbreds.  One was White Beauty, a filly, born in  1963, owned and trained by Herman Goodpasture, by his wonderful stallion,  Kentucky Colonel. White Beauty was foaled on Mr and Mrs. Goodman's farm in Lexington,.  It was after the Goodman's farm had been sold in 1984 that Herman would give his famous race horse, White Beauty, and her 1981 white foal Precious Beauty, to the new owners, Warren and Betty Rosenthal.   The family of white Thoroughbreds would eventually grow to 7 with the birth in 2005 of the Rosenthal's second white colt, 42 years after White Beauty.  

The second Kentucky white Thoroughbred from the original 9 was Not Quite White, also a filly, born in 1989 and would eventually be the matriarch of the most prolific line of white Thoroughbreds in history. Owned by Governor Jones, she was sired by the stallion Northjet (earnings over  $235,000.00 ) from the famous sire line of Northern Dancer. Not Quite White was foaled on the Airdrie Stud farm in  Lexington. It was after the birth of Airdrie Apache, a son out of Not Quite White, that  a family line would eventually appear numbering into the twenties in only 16 years. In  1999,  ten years after the birth of Not Quite White, Airdrie Apache sired Arctic White, his first white foal. In 2003 Arctic White then became the nation's only  registered white Thoroughbred stallion, in the new millennium. 

Not  Quite White (pictured right as a weanling), was the dam of Airdrie Apache.  Double registered with both the Jockey Club and APHA, he has renowned Kentucky bloodlines,  His grandfather was the number one stallion, Mr. Prospector.  Not Quite White is still the only white mare in the world to have produced descendants who have continued toNotQuiteWhitebaby.jpg (12295 bytes) produce white foals in significant numbers. It is worth noting that these white Thoroughbreds have been  genetically planned, no longer flukes of nature, but specifically bred for.  By carefully selecting  well bred mares with sabino genetic markers and crossing them with Airdrie Apache and Arctic White, white foals are predictably possible and extend easily across pedigrees.  

Arctic White was the first of 16 white foals in six years; and he has thrown 66% white foals in his first two crops...

arctic white.jpg (22219 bytes)What is so special about Arctic White?  At 4 years old, he made his debut as the only white TB to stand at stud in the nation!   The Jockey Club* defines a "stallion" as a male horse that is used for breeding.  There have only been a handful of JC registered white Thoroughbred stallions in the history of the world.  There was a white TB in France in the 1970's that sired 13 foals . . . all white!    

Arctic White’s dam is a Shadow Mountain Stallions' mare, Tropicana Anna, who has produced two other white and chestnut foals -- a full brother and sister to Arctic White, named Air to Apache and Cinnamon N Sugar.  "Air" is double registered with the APHA and  is expected to continue in Airdrie Apache's footsteps in producing white and colorful "Paint" Thoroughbreds in the  years to come.

bellairecropped2.jpg (91372 bytes)There are seven basic genes that determine the color of a horse.  There are two basic "white" genes: Overo and Sabino.  These genes typically cause Paint markings in different ways.  The Overo gene usually produces the horizontal wide white patches (traditional paint-pinto markings) and the Sabino creates more of a "lace blanket" (vertical tapestry.) 

Shadow Mountain Stallions has searched the nation and beyond for the exquisite tapestry markings characterized by the lace blanket of the sabino gene.  Although the traditional "Paint" look had been quite popular in the quarter horse, the lace blanket clearly separates majestic Thoroughbreds of color from the sharp delineated horizontal spots of Overo.

Overo white horses are also susceptible to Overo Lethal White Syndrome (OLWS), a condition that occurs in newborn Overo foals that is always fatal. Also known as the "lethal white gene", OLWS can be emotionally injurious and often financially devastating for small breeders, according to Dr. Elizabeth Santschi who researches the defective gene at the University of Minnesota.  She says, "Horses that carry this gene are most commonly Overo white patterned horses (frame Overos)..."  Testing the breeding stock is the only way to prevent OLWS, since there is no treatment for it.  For more information on the lethal white gene, check some of the links below.

Shadow Mountain Stallions' white and exotic horses are bred for the sabino gene and are not therefore susceptible to Overo Lethal White Syndrome.   Sabino white Thoroughbreds do not have blue eyes and they do not sunburn. They are also not albinos (there is really no such thing as an albino horse.)   Nor are they like grays.  Gray horses (even the pure white Lippizans ) are born dark and slowly change to white over the years. Pure white Thoroughbred horses are distinguished from other colors by their underlying pink skin.  Horses bred to cremello horses will produce dilute white foals.  

A study at the University of Kentucky has identified the sabino gene on the third chromosome.  It appears to "override" the genetic color of the horse to produce a "lack of pigmentation", thus accounting for the underlying pink skin.  Color in equine terms, then, is typically the splashing of white hairs and non-pigmented  skin on the body above the cannon, on the underside, or behind the face.  (See the APHA definition below.The American Paint Horse Association (APHA) registers Thoroughbreds and Quarter Horses that meet contrasting color requirements.  

As of 2003, only 40 Thoroughbreds have ever been double registered with both the Jockey Club and APHA.  

Air and Bell for shows.jpg (379648 bytes)At Shadow Mountain Stables we have selected  world class stallions and quality  mares from all over the nation and beyond for our unique breeding program.   From the world's top racing and sport bloodlines, we are producing young horses of quality pedigree, talent, disposition, and remarkable exotic good looks.  

Until recently the white Thoroughbred horse was more of a romanticized creature found in Knights of the Round Table and fables of heroic deeds. Today, however, Shadow Mountain Stallions is breeding quality,  Jockey Club registered white, black, and multi-colored horses that will create that same excitement and awe in the real world, well into the future. 

There had only been 36 registered white Thoroughbreds in the history of the Jockey Club, as of 2005.  

 

THE BLACK STALLION

The black stallion is a rarity in Thoroughbred horses, as well.  It is unusual for a foal to be registered as black by the Jockey Club. Shadow Mountain Stables also breeds for black and black/white registered Thoroughbreds.

All of our mares and stallions have been selected for pedigree, temperament, conformation, athletic ability and exotic markings or color.  You'll find excellent candidates for dressage, hunter, jumper, racing, sport horse, show, eventing or  pleasure riding that will make heads turn.  Shadow Mountain Stallions is literally poised on the brink of a whole new generation of quality colored, rare, extraordinary, stunning black, white and Paint Thoroughbreds . . . we truly are Breeding Thoroughbreds of the Future.  

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Color, according the APHA, is  “natural Paint marking”,  meaning a predominant hair coat color with at least one contrasting area of solid white hair of the required size with some underlying  unpigmented skin present on the horse at the time of its birth.  This solid white area must be in the prescribed zone.  In the event  the horse has a predominantly white hair coat, the term “natural Paint marking” shall mean at least one contrasting area of the required size of colored hair with some underlying pigmented skin present on the horse at the time of its birth.  This colored area must be in the prescribed zone.

The “natural Paint marking” as described above must extend beyond the perimeter of a two-inch (2") diameter ring, and be in the prescribed zone.

Still curious and want more information?  Try these links:

Cedar Ridge Quarter Horses has a rather comprehensive site about horse color genetics.

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A Horse of a Different Color


                        Palomino Horse Breeders of America

 

                         Palomino Horse Association

lethal1.jpg (20823 bytes)Overo Lethal White Syndrome by Elizabeth M. Santschi, DVM


  

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  Sharon Hall SMS paper

 

Jockey Club definitions *(.pdf)  

APHA_thelogo03.gif (5593 bytes)American Paint Horse Association

 

 


  APHA definitions:

A double registered horse is a Thoroughbred horse that meets the American Paint Horse  Associations color requirements.

A double registered horse whose foal meets the APHA color requirements is a regular registered Paint.

A double registered horse whose foal does not meet the APHA color requirements is a registered Paint Breeding Stock.

Shadow Mountain Stables, Inc.  fully endorses and proudly follows the breeding rules of the Jockey Club and APHA.  All of our horses are fully registered with the appropriate organizations. 

 


  Shadow Mountain Stables
                            Specializing in Champions  

Questions or comments about this web site should be sent via e mail to shadowmountain@sbcglobal.net
Copyright © 2003-13 Shadow Mountain Stables, Inc.   

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